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考试介绍


        

HSK

  • 项目介绍

    为使汉语水平考试(HSK)更好地服务于汉语学习者,中国国家汉办组织中外汉语教学、语言学、心理学和教育测量学等领域的专家,在充分调查、了解海外实际汉语教学情况的基础上,吸收原有HSK 的优点,借鉴近年来国际语言测试研究最新成果,推出新汉语水平考试(HSK)。

    新HSK是一项国际汉语能力标准化考试,重点考查汉语非第一语言的考生在生活、学习和工作中运用汉语进行交际的能力。HSK包括HSK(一级)、HSK(二级)、HSK(三级)、HSK(四级)、HSK(五级)和HSK(六级)。

    详细

    为使汉语水平考试(HSK)更好地服务于汉语学习者,中国国家汉办组织中外汉语教学、语言学、心理学和教育测量学等领域的专家,在充分调查、了解海外实际汉语教学情况的基础上,吸收原有HSK 的优点,借鉴近年来国际语言测试研究最新成果,推出新汉语水平考试(HSK)。

    一、考试结构

    新HSK是一项国际汉语能力标准化考试,重点考查汉语非第一语言的考生在生活、学习和工作中运用汉语进行交际的能力。HSK包括HSK(一级)、HSK(二级)、HSK(三级)、HSK(四级)、HSK(五级)和HSK(六级)。

    二、考试等级

    新HSK各等级与《国际汉语能力标准》《欧洲语言共同参考框架(CEF)》的对应关系如下表所示:

    通过HSK(一级)的考生可以理解并使用一些非常简单的汉语词语和句子,满足具体的交际需求,具备进一步学习汉语的能力。

    通过HSK(二级)的考生可以用汉语就熟悉的日常话题进行简单而直接的交流,达到初级汉语优等水平。

    通过HSK(三级)的考生可以用汉语完成生活、学习、工作等方面的基本交际任务,在中国旅游时,可应对遇到的大部分交际任务。

    通过HSK(四级)的考生可以用汉语就较广泛领域的话题进行谈论,比较流利地与汉语为母语者进行交流。

    通过HSK(五级)的考生可以阅读汉语报刊杂志,欣赏汉语影视节目,用汉语进行较为完整的演讲。

    通过HSK(六级)的考生可以轻松地理解听到或读到的汉语信息,以口头或书面的形式用汉语流利地表达自己的见解。

    三、考试原则

    新HSK遵循“考教结合”的原则,考试设计与目前国际汉语教学现状、使用教材紧密结合,目的是“以考促教”“以考促学”。

    新HSK关注评价的客观、准确,更重视发展考生汉语应用能力。

    新HSK制定明确的考试目标,便于考生有计划、有成效地提高汉语应用能力。

    四、考试用途

    新HSK延续原有HSK一般(或通用)汉语能力考试的定位,面向成人汉语学习者。其成绩可以满足多元需求:

    1.为院校招生、分班授课、课程免修、学分授予提供参考依据。

    2.为用人机构录用、培训、晋升工作人员提供参考依据。

    3.为汉语学习者了解、提高自己的汉语应用能力提供参考依据。

    4.为相关汉语教学单位、培训机构评价教学或培训成效提供参考依据。

    五、成绩报告

    考试结束一个月后,考生将获得由国家汉办颁发的新HSK成绩报告。




  •         Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK)

    The new HSK test was launched by Hanban in an effort to better serve Chinese language learners. The test is the result of coordinated efforts by domestic and foreign experts from different disciplines including Chinese language teaching, linguistics, psychology and educational measurement. The new exam combines the advantages of the original HSK while taking into consideration recent trends in Chinese language training by conducting surveys and making use of the latest findings in international language testing.

    The new HSK is an international standardized exam that tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. It assesses non-native Chinese speakers’ abilities in using the Chinese language in their daily, academic and professional lives. HSK consists of six levels, namely the HSK (level I), HSK (level II), HSK (level III), HSK (level IV), HSK (level V), and HSK (level VI).

    Details are as follows

    The new HSK test was launched by Hanban in an effort to better serve Chinese language learners. The test is the result of coordinated efforts by domestic and foreign experts from different disciplines including Chinese language teaching, linguistics, psychology and educational measurement. The new exam combines the advantages of the original HSK while taking into consideration recent trends in Chinese language training by conducting surveys and making use of the latest findings in international language testing.

    I. Test Structure

    The new HSK is an international standardized exam that tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. It assesses non-native Chinese speakers’ abilities in using the Chinese language in their daily, academic and professional lives. HSK consists of six levels, namely the HSK (level I), HSK (level II), HSK (level III), HSK (level IV), HSK (level V), and HSK (level VI).

    II. Test Levels

    The levels of the new HSK correspond to the levels of the Chinese Language Proficiency Scales for Speakers of Other Languages (CLPS) and the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF) as follows:

    New HSK Vocabulary CLPS CEF
    HSK (Level VI) Over 5,000 Level V C2
    HSK (Level V) 2500 C1
    HSK (Level IV) 1200 Level IV B2
    HSK (Level III) 600 Level III B1
    HSK (Level II) 300 Level II A2
    HSK (Level I) 150 Level I A1

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level I) can understand and use very simple Chinese words and phrases, meet basic needs for communication and possess the ability to further their Chinese language studies.

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level II) have an excellent grasp of basic Chinese and can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level III) can communicate in Chinese at a basic level in their daily, academic and professional lives. They can manage most communication in Chinese when travelling in China.

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level IV) can converse in Chinese on a wide range of topics and are able to communicate fluently with native Chinese speakers.

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level V) can read Chinese newspapers and magazines, enjoy Chinese films and plays, and give a full-length speech in Chinese.

    Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level VI) can easily comprehend written and spoken information in Chinese and can effectively express themselves in Chinese, both orally and on paper.

    III. Test Principles

    The new HSK follows the principle of “test-teaching correlation”, bases the design of the test on the current trends in international Chinese language training, and is closely related to textbooks. The purpose of the test is to “promote training through testing” and “promote learning through testing”.

    The new HSK emphasizes the objectivity and accuracy of the evaluation and stresses the learners’ actual Chinese language abilities.

    The new HSK sets clear test objectives to allow the test takers to be able to improve their Chinese language abilities in a systematic and efficient way.

    IV. Testing Purposes

    The new HSK retains the former HSK’s orientation as a general (or universal) Chinese language abilities test for adult learners. The results of the test can serve several purposes:

    1. A reference for an educational institution’s decision-making concerning recruiting students, assigning students to different classes, allowing students to skip certain courses and granting students academic credits.

    2. A reference for employers’ decision-making concerning the recruitment, training and promotion of test takers.

    3. A method for Chinese language learners to assess and improve their proficiency in Chinese.

    4. A method for Chinese language training institutions to evaluate training results.

    V. Results Certificate

    Test takers will receive the results for the new HSK issued by Hanban within one month after the test.

    YCT

    • 项目介绍

      为鼓励汉语非第一语言的中小学生学习汉语,培养、提高他们的汉语能力,自2004年以来,中国国家汉办组织中外汉语教学、语言学、心理学和教育测量学等领域的专家,在充分调查、了解海外中小学实际汉语教学情况的基础上,开发了新中小学生汉语考试(YCT)。

      新YCT是一项国际汉语能力标准化考试,考查汉语非第一语言的中小学生在日常生活和学习中运用汉语的能力。新YCT分笔试和口试两部分,笔试和口试是相互独立的。笔试包括YCT(一级)、 YCT(二级)、YCT(三级)和YCT(四级);口试包括YCT(初级)和YCT(中级)。

      详细

      为鼓励汉语非第一语言的中小学生学习汉语,培养、提高他们的汉语能力,自2004年以来,中国国家汉办组织中外汉语教学、语言学、心理学和教育测量学等领域的专家,在充分调查、了解海外中小学实际汉语教学情况的基础上,开发了新中小学生汉语考试(YCT)。

      一、考试结构

      新YCT是一项国际汉语能力标准化考试,考查汉语非第一语言的中小学生在日常生活和学习中运用汉语的能力。新YCT分笔试和口试两部分,笔试和口试是相互独立的。笔试包括YCT(一级)、 YCT(二级)、YCT(三级)和YCT(四级);口试包括YCT(初级)和YCT(中级)。

      二、考试等级

      新YCT各等级与《国际汉语能力标准》《欧洲语言共同参考框架(CEF)》及新HSK的对应关系如下表所示:

      通过YCT(一级)的考生可以理解并使用最常用的汉语词语和句子,具备进一步学习汉语的能力。

      通过YCT(二级)的考生可以理解并使用一些非常简单的汉语词语和句子,满足具体的交际需求。

      通过YCT(三级)的考生可以用汉语就熟悉的日常话题进行简单而直接的交流,达到初级汉语优等水平。

      通过YCT(四级)的考生可以用汉语完成生活、学习中的基本交际任务,在中国旅游时,可应对遇到的大部分交际任务。

      三、考试原则

      新YCT以增强考生学习汉语的自信心和荣誉感为目标,遵循“考教结合”的原则,考试设计与目前国际中小学生汉语教学现状、使用教材紧密结合,“以考促教”“以考促学”。

      四、考试用途

      新YCT面向汉语非第一语言的中小学生,其成绩:

      1.可为考生了解、提高自己的汉语能力提供参考依据。

      2.可为学校的汉语教学提供参考依据。

      3.可为相关汉语教学单位、培训机构评价教学或培训成效提供参考依据。

      4.可为考生参加HSK考试提供参考依据。

      五、成绩报告

      考试结束后3周内,考生将获得由国家汉办颁发的新YCT成绩报告。

    YCT

    • Youth Chinese Test

      The new YCT test was launched by Hanban in an effort to encourage foreign young students to learn Chinese and improve their Chinese language proficiency. As part of this effort, since 2004 Hanban has organized experts from different disciplines such as Chinese language teaching, linguistics, psychology and educational measurement to work on the program, conducting surveys in order to understand the latest trends in overseas Chinese language teaching and learning.

      I. Test Structure

      The new YCT is an international standardized test of Chinese language proficiency. It assesses young foreign students' abilities to use Chinese in their daily and academic lives. The new YCT consists of a writing test and a speaking test, which are independent of each other. The writing test is divided into four levels, namely, the YCT (level I), YCT (level II), YCT (level III), and YCT (level IV). The speaking test is divided into the YCT (Beginner Level) and YCT (Intermediate Level).

    Writing Test
     
    Speaking Test
    YCT (Level IV)
     
    YCT (Intermediate Level)
    YCT (Level III)
     
    YCT (Beginner Level)
    YCT (Level II)
     
    YCT (Level I)
     

    II. Test Levels

    The different levels of the new YCT are similar to some of the levels in the Chinese Language Proficiency Scales for Speakers of Other Languages (CLPS) and the Common European Framework of Reference (CEF); details are as follows:

    New HSK
    Vocabulary
    CLPS
    CEF
    HSK (Level VI)
    Over 5,000
    Level V
    C2
    HSK (Level V)
    2500
    C1
    HSK (Level IV)
    1200
    Level IV
    B2
    HSK (Level III)
    600
    Level III
    B1
    HSK (Level II)
    300
    Level II
    A2
    HSK (Level I)
    150
    Level I
    A1

    Test takers who are able to pass the YCT (Level I) can understand and use some of the most common Chinese phrases and sentences and possess the ability to further their Chinese language studies.

    Test takers who are able to pass the YCT (Level II) can understand and use some simple Chinese phrases and sentences and cope with basic level communications.

    Test takers who are able to pass the YCT (Level III), having reached an excellent level in basic Chinese, can communicate on familiar daily topics in a simple manner.

    Test takers who are able to pass the YCT (Level IV) can communicate in Chinese at a basic level in their daily, academic and professional lives. When travelling in China, they can manage most forms of communication in Chinese.

    III. Test Principles

    The new YCT aims to improve Chinese language learners’ self-confidence and follows the principle of “test-teaching correlation”. It bases the design of the test on current trends in international Chinese language training and is closely related to textbook learning procedures. The purpose of the test is to “promote training through testing” and “promote learning through testing”.

    IV. Test Purposes

    The YCT is intended for students whose mother tongue is not Chinese. The results of the test can serve various purposes:

    1. A method for Chinese language learners to assess and improve their proficiency in Chinese.

    2. A reference for Chinese language training in schools.

    3. A method for Chinese language training institutions to evaluate training results.

    4. A benchmark for students who want to participate in the HSK test.

    V. Results Certificate

    Test takers will receive their test results for the new YCT issued by Hanban within three weeks after the test.